Author Archives: Matt Dabbs

Did David Prophesy the Deaths of His Own Children?

After David had an affair with Bathsheba and subsequently had her husband Uriah murdered to cover his tracks the prophet Nathan came and rebuked David for his sins in 2 Samuel 12. Nathan tells David a story about a man who only had one little lamb that he treated as his own child. He cared for it. He ate with the lamb, drank with the lamb and even let it sleep in his own bed (interestingly enough the same three verbs Uriah refuses to go home and do with his wife (2 Sam 11:11). A rich man in town had many lambs and when company came into town the rich man took the lamb, the only lamb, from the first man and used it to feed his guests.

Now, it wasn’t unusual for a prophet like Nathan to come to the king with a judicial decision. That was part of the king’s job, to ensure the people in his kingdom receive justice. David condemns this rich man for his actions, little realizing he was condemning himself. In reading the story and the surrounding details carefully, I am beginning to wonder if it is possible that David actually prophesied against himself. More on that in a moment.

Here is David’s response,

David burned with anger against the man and said to Nathan, “As surely as the Lord lives, the man who did this must die! He must pay for that lamb four times over, because he did such a thing and had no pity.” (1 Sam 12:5-6)

David made this ruling from the Torah. The Torah typically penalized someone for taking somethings things with double repayment but there was a situation that warranted a four fold repayment. That is found in Exodus 22:1,

Whoever steals an ox or a sheep and slaughters it or sells it must pay back five head of cattle for the ox and four sheep for the sheep.

David’s ruling was in line with scripture. What David didn’t know was this wasn’t about sheep at all but about people. What David also didn’t know was that his ruling wasn’t just about people it was about himself. David said two things about this man: 1) he must die and 2) he will repay four times the amount.

David obviously does die sometime later and in the meantime the words of Nathan in response to David play out ever so bitterly,

“You are the man! This is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says: ‘I anointed you king over Israel, and I delivered you from the hand of Saul. I gave your master’s house to you, and your master’s wives into your arms. I gave you all Israel and Judah. And if all this had been too little, I would have given you even more. Why did you despise the word of the Lord by doing what is evil in his eyes? You struck down Uriah the Hittite with the sword and took his wife to be your own. You killed him with the sword of the Ammonites. 10 Now, therefore, the sword will never depart from your house, because you despised me and took the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be your own.’

11 “This is what the Lord says: ‘Out of your own household I am going to bring calamity on you. Before your very eyes I will take your wives and give them to one who is close to you, and he will sleep with your wives in broad daylight. 12 You did it in secret, but I will do this thing in broad daylight before all Israel.’”

13 Then David said to Nathan, “I have sinned against the Lord.”

Nathan replied, “The Lord has taken away your sin. You are not going to die. 14 But because by doing this you have shown utter contempt for the Lord, the son born to you will die.” (2 Sam 12:7-14)

If you follow the rest of the story it isn’t just this son who dies. In addition to that 12:11 also comes true, “before your very eyes I will take your wives and give them to one who is close to you, and he will sleep with your wives in broad daylight.” – Absalom, one of David’s sons, does this in 16:22. What is more this child conceived in Bathsheba is not the only one who dies. Shortly thereafter Absalom kills his half-brother Amnon (David’s son). Amnon was the one in line for the throne. Remember, this child conceived with Bathsheba would not have been David’s first child. Absalom is killed in chapter 18. That brings us up to three.

Is there a fourth? This cannot be said with certainty but we do know David had a son who was between Amnon and Absalom and that was Chileab (2 Sam 3:2-5 also called Daniel – 1 Chron. 3:1). His name meant “everything of the Father” and was David’s second son with Abigail. His full brother was Amnon and his half brother would have been Absalom. He is never brought up in this story or in the line of succession at this point so it is presumed that he died. Whether he died before or after David’s judgment upon himself we just don’t know but I do find it interesting that it is possible David’s words were more prophetic than he knew.

The Sermon on the Mount and the Power of Self-Deception

The sermon on the mount is one of the most powerful sermons ever preached. Maybe there is a lesson to be learned that one of Jesus’ longest sermons was only a few minutes long if we have the whole thing recorded. Sometimes less is more. But in these three chapters of Matthew (5-7) Jesus givesContinue Reading

Intentional

I remember opening up my very first iphone new in the box. It was a 4. Everything was crisp and clean. It was very simple. It almost felt like I was opening up a tiny work of art. Everything had its place. It was just so. I had opened up phones and computer boxes before.Continue Reading

What is the Book of Acts About?

Standard answer – the church. Bigger picture answer – God empowering his people to embody the kingdom of God. Acts is about the church (the gathered people of God) but that is only one part of a bigger picture. Have you ever noticed how little the book of Acts actually says about worship, assembly, churchContinue Reading

Prophets Unaware

Several times in scripture we have people doing things that are prophetic without them recognizing it. There are several instances in the Gospels where the Gospel writer informs us of what is going on. One of those instances is in John 11. After Jesus raised Lazarus from the dead the Jewish leaders began plotting asContinue Reading

An Important Principle in Reading the Old Testament as it Relates to the New – Fulfillment

We teach a lot more Old Testament to our children than to our adults. At least that is my experience. The Old Testament is so full of great stories that work well with the imagination of our kids. We don’t ever need to graduate out of the Old Testament. Instead we need to understand justContinue Reading

Essential Old Testament Reading for the Christian

If you are wanting to get to know your Old Testament but don’t know where to start here are a few things to consider that will help you get a better handle on the Old Testament that will result in a better understanding of the New. The idea here is that the Jewish people hadContinue Reading

Social Media and the New Responsibility

We live in the most technologically advanced time in the history of humanity. This is true of so many areas of life. It is especially true of communication.  It wasn’t that long ago when instantaneous communication was impossible. Before the telegraph you had to send a message via pigeon or horse or ship. Sailing coveredContinue Reading

Recommended Reading to Gain a Better Understanding of the Old Testament

For those of you who asked about what one can read to gain a better understanding of the Old Testament, here are some resources to consider: The first thing to do is spend time reading the actual Old Testament. One way to make that simpler for beginners is a good children’s Bible – If youContinue Reading

How is the Old Testament Useful Today?

The word “graphe” in Greek is used 49 times in the New Testament and literally means “writing.” In the New Testament the kind of writing that is being discussed is inspired writing which in basically every case is the Old Testament and so the word is translated “scripture.” When the New Testament writers refer toContinue Reading

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